Diabetes Mellitus: It is due to either the pancreas does not produce enough insulin or when the body cannot effectively use the insulin it produces. Insulin is a hormone that regulates blood glucose. Hyperglycemia, or raised blood glucose, is a common effect of uncontrolled diabetes and over time leads to serious damage to many of the body's systems, especially the nerves and blood vessels.
Are you at risk?
Do you belong to the following group(s) and having the indicated symptom(s)?
If "yes", please contact your doctor and have body check regularly.
Age 45 or over
Overweight and obesity
History of impaired fasting glucose or impaired glucose tolerance
Family history of diabetes, particularly in first degree relatives
Patients with metabolic syndrome, cardiovascular diseases, hypertension (blood pressure at 140/90 mmHg or above)
On long-term steroid treatment
History of gestational diabetes or polycystic ovary syndrome (for women)
Presence of cardiovascular risk factors
(e.g. hyperlipidaemia, low level of high density lipoprotein (HDL) cholesterol, high level of low density lipoprotein (LDL) cholesterol, smoking and lack of exercise)
Any signs or symptoms of diabetes?
Most diabetes’s patients are without any symptoms or signs at all, while some of them may have the following sign(s) or symptom(s). If you have the following sign(s) or symptom(s), please contact your doctor and check your blood glucose regularly.
Burning sensation in oral cavity
Increased volume of urine (especially at night )
Unexplained weight loss
Tingling and numbness in extremities
Itching skin (some women may have genital itchiness)